02 November 2011

Maybe you’ve become a vegetarian, in hope that being a vegetarian will have a much healthier life with low cholesterol. But, why after becoming a vegetarian you are still have high cholesterol level? You may wonder, eat only vegie contains no cholesterol at all? because cholesterol is only in the flesh right? Actually, what is the function of cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy substance that is white and is produced from animal tissues and there is not at all in plants. Cholesterol is obtained from two sources as follows:

a) In the body itself: about 1000 mg of cholesterol produced by the liver each day depending on the amount eaten. Production of cholesterol in the body is already self-sufficient and no longer need to be obtained from food. Some special things that can elevate cholesterol production such as:

  • Obesity
  • Hereditary factors that cause abnormalities of cholesterol metabolism.
  • Some special circumstances such as: diabetes mellitus, kidney and thyroid disease.

 b) food: mainly from animal foods such as egg yolks, milk, cheese, cream etc..

In addition, there are several factors that can also stimulate the formation of cholesterol such as:
type of fat. The amount of saturated fat (animal fat, palm oil) consumed are major factors that increase blood cholesterol. Therefore, use of unsaturated cooking oils like corn oil, soybean oil, sunflower seed oil and do not fry too often, just 1-2 times and not too hot and use sparingly.
  • The amount of food consumed: excess consumption of food will raise blood cholesterol.
  • Fibers: fiber in plant foods can help lower cholesterol absorption in the intestine. Fiber found in many plant foods.
  • How to eat: eat little but often produces cholesterol less than 1-2 meals with foods that many at once.
  • Consumption of excessive sugar and salt.
  • Stress: if not addressed can increase the formation of cholesterol.
Lowering cholesterol besides diet and drugs can also bask resulting in changes in cholesterol stored under the skin into vitamin D so that the blood cholesterol will be taken back to fill it which will eventually lead levels in blood to be down. Elevation of cholesterol associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in which cholesterol levels should be below 160 mg / liter of blood. (Ideally cholesterol = 100 + age). Levels of 240 mg / liter of blood will result in 2 x risk and 300 mg / liter of blood beiesiko 3 x exposed to CHD.

Besides total cholesterol, the most need consider is the ratio between cholesterol total and HDL which is should be less than 4.5. HDL is good cholesterol which serves to transport cholesterol in the blood vessels already settles back to the liver and high levels in the blood, the better. But, if the levels are less than 35 mg / liter of blood will be at risk of heart attack. HDL can be increased by: regular exercise, maintaining ideal body weight, consumption of soybean oil and avoid alcohol. Instead LDL is bad cholesterol that will settle in the blood vessels and cause atherosclerosis and should measure less than 130 mg / liter of blood.

What exactly is the benefit of cholesterol? Here are the answers:
Cholesterol in the body is useful for / as:
  • form any cell in the body wall.
  • Cover the brain and nervous system
  • Raw material in the formation of vitamin D in the body
  • Raw materials and the formation of sex hormones of the adrenal glands
  • Helps the absorption of fats, vitamins and minerals in the intestine
Most cholesterol is converted into bile acids which dissolve fat in the diet to facilitate digestion and absorption.

Are there any vegetarian meals daily can lower cholesterol?
There are several choices of food you can eat to break down cholesterol. Soy protein and nuts contain plant sterols can inhibit the absorption of cholesterol and lecithin which dissolves cholesterol. In addition, some foods known to lower cholesterol such as oatmeal, yogurt, and aloe vera.

Here are some clues a day diet that you can use to lower cholesterol such as:
  • consumption of fat in everyday foods below 20%.
  • Eat foods low in saturated fat content, plant foods is better.
  • avoid foods with high cholesterol.
  • Eat foods that can lower cholesterol.
  • Live a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and live relaxed and away from the stress.

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