22 November 2008

Melissa essential oil also known as Lemon Balm. It has a great variety of possible effects. Melissa oil is considered one of the most powerfully medicinal essential oils in all of aromatherapy, with a wonderfully pleasant sweet, herbaceous aroma.

A great deal of oil sold as Melissa today is actually a blend of lemongrass and citronella oils - other Melissa oil's have been 'rectified', meaning they do not contain all original components of the essential oil. Melissa's high cost is a result of a very low yield of oil from the plant - somewhere around 0.01%.

Botanical Name
Melissa officinalis

Origin
Mediterranean region

Color
Pale yellow –yellow in colour

Consistency/Viscosity
Thin, has watery in viscosity

Perfumery Note
Top/Middle

Aroma
Sweet, fresh, lemony, citrus and herbaceous

Strength of Initial Aroma
Strong

Extraction Method
Melissa oil is extracted from the fresh flowering tops and leaves by the process of steam distillation or Carbon Dioxide distillation (performed at lower temperatures than steam distillation) is the most pleasant, powerfully aromatic Melissa oil

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Trans-ocimene, cis-ocimene, 3-octanone, methyl hepenone, cis-3-hexenol, 3-octanol, 1-octen-3-ol, copaene, citronellal, linalool, b-bourbonene, caryophyllene, a-humulene, neral, germacrene-D, geranial, geranyl acetate, d-cadinene, y-cadinene, nerol and geraniol, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, aesculetine

Therapeutic Properties
Antidepressant, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cordial, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hypotensive, nervine, sedative, stomachic, sudorific and tonic

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
  • Melissa essential oil calms the nerves and has very good qualities in fighting depression
  • It has a sedative effect
  • It helps in cases of hysteria and panic and helps to slows the heartbeat, eases high blood pressure and is a tonic to the heart while regulating the menstrual cycle, also helping with period pains
  • It may settle the digestive system, helps with nausea, flatulence, vomiting, dyspepsia and dysentery and has a cooling effect on fevers
  • It can help with headaches and migraines associated with colds
  • Can offer support in cases of high blood pressure or hypertension, cold-sore blisters, asthma, eczema, menstrual disorders, menopause, depression, insomnia, irritability, headaches, digestive disorders, dyspepsia, gastric spasm, dysentery, nausea
  • Has been traditionally used for calming, sedative, anti-viral, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, stomachic, choleretic
  • The action of this oil is tonic, rather than stimulant; it is a tonic to the heart, nervous and digestive systems, and the uterus. It is sedative, calming, antidepressant
Precaution
  • Melissa oil is non-toxic at low doses but could cause sensitization and irritation and should always be used in low dilutions
  • It should be avoided during pregnancy
  • It should be avoided by people with a very sensitive skin
  • Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction
Blend With
Rose Oil, Frankincense Oil, Basil Oil, Chamomile Oil, Ylang-ylang Oil, Geranium Oil, Lavender Oil, Orange Oil and Lemon Oil

Recipe
  • Diffuse or apply topically. For external application, melissa essential oil may be highly diluted, up to 1:100 in carrier oil and be very effective. Can be applied directly to herpes outbreaks, and used in a 10% dilution if this feels too strong
  • Herpes outbreaks: Try 1 part Geranium Oil, 1 part Melissa Oil, 1 part Lavender Oil, 10 parts Tea Tree Oil - apply to affected area undiluted 3 times a day; once skin dries and tightens, add mixture to 9 parts Almond Oil

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