25 November 2008

Botanical Name
Acorus calamus angustatus

Origin
Calamus is a perennial, semi-aquatic, marshy plant, native to northern Europe and Asia

Aroma
Warm, spicy odor, reminding of sweet forest

Extraction Method
Extracted from fresh or dried roots by steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Acorenone, isoshyobunine, asarone, calamendiol, a-selinene, a-calacorene, calamusenone, camphone and shyobunone

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
The root of this plant is used in herbal medicine for the treatment of nervous complaints, vertigo, headaches and dysentery.
  • The root of this plant is used in herbal medicine to treat a variety of problems, from nerves, and vertigo, but the oil contains asorone - which is carcinogenic, and oral ingestion can cause convulsions as well as kidney and liver damage.
Precaution
  • This oil should not be used in aromatherapy
  • Oral ingestion of calamus oil can cause convulsions and liver and kidney damage
  • The essential oil contains asorone, which is a carcinogenic, and oral ingestion can cause convulsions and liver and kidney damage.
  • When fed to rats at an inclusion rate of 0.05 - 0.5% in their daily diet, calamus oil caused malignant tumors to develop in the duodenum after 59 weeks. Severe tremors occurred lasting from 30 minutes to 2 hours when calamus oil was orally ingested.

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