19 November 2008

Black pepper essential oil can be used aromatherapy formulas and in perfumery. It is a beautiful orange colored liquid with a soft yet spicy aroma which really amazed when the first bottle was opened. Black pepper has been used since antiquity in the culinary and healing arts.

In Chinese medicine, white pepper, from the fully ripened fruit, is used to treat malaria, cholera, dysentery, diarrhea and other digestive problems. In Greece it is used for fever and to support the stomach. The essential oil is noted specifically for its action for digestive complaints. It is a powerful digestive stimulant and remedy for dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea and appetite loss.

Botanical Name
Piper nigrum

Origin
India, Malaysia, Madagascar, China and Indonesia
The oil is mostly made in Singapore, India and Malaysia

Color
Light amber to yellow-green

Consistency/ Viscosity
Thin, has a watery viscosity

Perfumery Note
Middle

Aroma
Crisp, fresh, sharp spicy smelling oil, peppercorn aroma

Strength of Initial Aroma
Medium-strong

Extraction Method
The unripe, sun-dried peppercorns (fruit) are used in extraction using steam distillation (CO2) method

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Limonene, Pinene, Myrcene, Phellandrene, Beta-caryophyllene, Beta-bisabolene, Sabinene, Linalol, Pinocarveol, Alpha, Terpineol, Camphene, Alpha, Terpenene, Eugenol, Safrole, Thujene, Farnesene

Therapeutic Properties
analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, aphrodisiac, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, tonic

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
  • Can help with tooth aches, in a similar manner to Clove oil
  • May act to increase cellular oxygenation
  • Stimulate the endocrine system
  • Increase energy overall
  • May help with rheumatoid arthritis symptoms by increasing circulation.
  • Black pepper is commonly added to massage blends to enhance circulation.
  • It also adds a lovely 'spicy' note to aromatic and perfume blends. The fragrance is comforting and stimulating. May be applied to the bottoms of the feet, or elsewhere on the body when diluted in a carrier oil. Can be used in diffusers that utilize thicker oils effectively
  • Other : Constipation, cramps, poor circulation, sluggish digestion, pain relief, rheumatism, chills, flu, colds, exhaustion, muscular aches, physical and emotional coldness, nerve tonic, fevers
Precaution
  • Black pepper oil may cause irritation to sensitive skin
  • Using too much could over-stimulate the kidneys
  • It should be avoided in pregnancy
  • Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction
Blend With
Bergamot, cedarwood, Clary sage, Clove, Coriander, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Jupiner, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Marjoram, Rosemary cineol, Sage, Sandalwood and Ylang Ylang

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