20 November 2008

Bergamot essential oil is the one of the most enticing perfume aromas with the possibility of powerful healing effects. Bergamot essential oil is named after the Italian city of Bergamo in Lombardy, where the oil was first sold.

The oil is cold-pressed from the outer peels of bitter oranges, from a tree about 14 feet high. The tree yields small round fruit, much like miniature oranges in appearance. Originating in tropical Asia, the tree is most widely grown in Italy.

Botanical Name
Citrus bergamia

Origin
This tree is native to South East Asia
Introduced to Europe, and particularly Italy
Also found in the Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria

Color
Green to greenish-yellow

Consistency/Viscosity
Thin, watery viscosity

Perfumery Note
Top

Aroma
Fresh, orange fruity and sweet with a spicy balsamic floral quality

Strength of Initial Aroma
Medium

Extraction Method
The rind of both ripe and unripe fruit is used to extract the oil by Cold Press (best) or Steam deistilation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
a-pinene, B-pinene, myrcene, limonene, a-bergaptene, B-bisabolene, linalool, linalyl acetate, nerol, neryl acetate, geraniol, geraniol acetate, a-terpineol, Gamma Terpenene, Dipentene

Therapeutic Properties
Antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-spasmodic, stomachic, calmative, and a febrifuge

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
  • Use in a Diffuser, apply to forehead and temples for stress relief and mood elevation
  • Dilute and apply where you would a deodorant
  • Used in skin care remedies for scars, stretch marks, thread veins, acne, abscesses, itching, eczema, psoriasis also may help to tone wrinkles complexion, oily skin, psoriasis, and infection (all types including skin)
  • Also traditionally used for poor circulation and heart palpitations, anxiety, depression, nervous tension, shock and other stress-related disorders
  • Traditionally used as an antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, cictrizant, deodorant, hypnotic, stimulant
  • Can offer support in the following conditions: Stress, loss of appetite, indigestion, agitation, depression, infection, inflammation, intestinal parasites, rheumatism, insomnia, vaginal candida, insect repellent
  • Bergamot stimulates the pancreas and the liver in some people, has shown anti-microbial effects in some studies, especially on the bronchies, and may offer support in cases of slow digestion and hypertension
Precaution
  • Phototoxic (bergaptene). Do not use if the area of application will be exposed to sunlight for 24 hours due to its phototoxicity
  • Bergamot oil can cause severe burns when used on a sensitive skin exposed to sunlight
  • Bergamot oil is noted to have a slightly irritating effect on the skin, but the opposite effect at low concentrations 3% or less in carrier oil
  • If pregnant, use under a doctor's care
  • Always test a small amount first for sensitivity or allergic reaction
Blend With
Black pepper, Chamomile, Clary sage, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Neroli, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Vetiver, and Ylang ylang essential oils

Recipe

Herbal mask for exfoliation and smooth skin :
  • Bergamot oil 3 drops
  • one papaya
  • 1/2 tsp honey
Mash the papaya to a smooth consistency, and mix in the essential oil and honey.
Apply to face and neck. Leave on for 20-30 minutes. Massage into skin and rinse with cool water.

Bergamot essential oil's uplifting and releasing effects :

1. Release aggravation and pressure : 2. Overcome nervousness and agitation : 3. Overcome frustration and negative : 4. When bitter and brooding : These blends may be used in a diffuser, or diluted to 3% total concentration in one or more carrier oils for a wonderful aromatherapy massage.

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