29 November 2008

Lose Weight With Hypnosis

You must know that if you are more than 20 pounds more than your ideal body weight then this puts you at a greater risk of a lot of medical problems, which include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, endometrial cancer, obstructive sleep apnea and breast cancer. There are a lot of therapies and strategies that are out there to help individuals lose weight and one of these therapies is hypnosis.

Overweight People Behavior
People who are overweight do have a behavior where they lead a sedentary lifestyle and they avoid participating in the exercise program, as well as they do not even care as to what they are eating and this just puts them at more risk day after day. Those people who are obese and have a sedentary lifestyle and are overweight are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other health related problems. Those people who have medical issues, which include high cholesterol, diabetes, heart problems are definitely at a very high risk of developing complications from these illnesses.

Weight Loss And Hypnosis
Many people who don’t believe that they can lose weight through hypnosis, as there is no drug involvement. There are other people who have believe that since it does not involve any drug and does not cause them to undergo surgery, so there are different school of thoughts and beliefs of people. Hypnosis does work and this does not involve individuals to think or use any products that can damage their health.

Hypnosis can provide the extra motivation to keep you moving in the direction of your goals, and enable you to escape the many food traps that get in the way of weight loss. Hypnosis is the perfect tool for re-educating your unconscious mind, the part that creates cravings and impulses, to give you back choice in what you eat. Permanent weight loss occurs with a change in lifestyle, not through unnatural diets that are impossible to maintain. Hypnosis can help you make those changes, quickly and more easily than you ever imagined possible.

Hypnosis operates mainly as a way to increase participants' attention to suggestions of behavioral programs as well as to reinforce their weight loss. Studies using behavioral treatments successfully "typically have developed incentive systems to bridge the gap between the short-term -reinforcers provided during treatment and long-term goal of weight reduction". Hypnosis can fulfill this role by stepping in as a psychological reinforcer. Hypnosis may assist subjects in learning positive eating behaviors and creating healthy long-term patterns of food intake. Subjects are then more likely to incorporate the rules of a particular program into their behavioral regimes. Hypnosis and behavioral treatments share an emphasis on visualization and imagination. The literature suggests that hypnosis is an ideal addition to behavioral weight management programs which tend to need supplementation to achieve long-term results.

Mechanism of Weight Loss Hypnosis
Considerable controversy swirls around the mechanisms by which hypnosis actually contributes to weight loss. Leon Hypnosis can help obese people team new healthier eating patterns and retain them. One author remarked that the hypnotic state is characterized by heightened concentration, suggestibility, and relaxation Certain individuals are thought to be capable of achieving this state more readily than others. A so-called hypnotic "induction" whereby a hypnotist using certain procedures to bring an individual into the hypnotic state is not a prerequisite for achieving the state (Mott, 1982). Hypnosis, contrary to the claims of some internet advertisers cannot magically reprogram people's minds. In short, methods of hypnosis run the gamut from simple relaxation techniques to formal inductions administered by hypnotists, but should not be considered supernatural in its effects.

The Secret Ingredient to Permanent Weight Loss

You have to train your mind to ENJOY sticking to your plan. Whatever healthy plan you choose, it is likely that you are going to have to :
  1. Eat fewer high-sugar or high-fat foods (reduce chocolate, cake, and all fast food!)
  2. Reduce your overall caloric intake
  3. Drink more water, and of course opposed to sodas and beverages high in sugar
  4. Exercise consistently (adding daily walks and join the weight training program)
  5. Monitor your progress in a systematic way
  6. Eat more green vegetables (veggie, veggie and veggie!)
  7. Plan your meals (includes regular breakfast!)
  8. Appreciate yourself and your progress

How Many Times Have You Quit Your Diet?

Losing weight opens the door to a higher quality of life, of course everybody agreed with the statement. There are so many ways to loos you weight, naturally, consumption of pills diet, surgery, exercise, yoga, acupuncture and of course extra tight diet.

You probably have access to plans you know would work. It might be a low calorie diet like Weight Watchers, a low glycemic index diet like the Zone or South Beach, a low fat plan like the Ornish Diet or a plan your health professional has given you.

You know if you just started the plan and added in regular exercise, you would shed the weight and your level of health and well-being would skyrocket. If you lose just 10% of your body weight, studies have shown you can expect :
  1. Decreased risk of sudden death from heart disease or stroke
  2. Deeper, more restful sleep
  3. Fewer aches and pains from the reduced stress on your muscles and joints
  4. Increased energy
  5. Improved mobility and breathing
  6. Lower blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar
  7. Prevention of angina, the chest pain caused by decreased blood flow to the heart muscle
  8. Reduced risk of Type 2 diabetes
  9. Reduced risk of coronary artery disease (plaque buildup in the heart)
Suddenly work becomes more manageable, leisure activities are more fun, physical activity is more comfortable, and it's easier to have a positive mental outlook.

Hazardous Essential Oils

Essential oils below should not be used in aromatherapy without supervision and administration by a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. Many of them were also should not be used by practitioner.
Trachyspermum copticum
Mentha pulegium
Almond, Bitter
Prunus dulcis var. amara
Allium sativum
Ruta graveolens
Arnica Montana
Armoracia rusticana
Sassafras albidum
Birch, Sweet
Betula lenta
Pilocarpus jaborandi
Thuja occidentalis
Boldo Leaf
Peumus boldus
Melilotus officinalis
Gaultheria procumbens
Broom, Spanish
Spartium junceum
Artemisia vulgaris
Chenopodium ambrosioides var. anthelminticum
Acorus calamus var. angustatus
Brassica nigra
Artemisia absinthium
Cinnamomum camphora
Allium cepa

28 November 2008

Carrier Oil Shelf Life

Most cold pressed carrier oils used in aromatherapy typically have a shelf life of between 9 and 15 months (depens how well it is stored). Grapeseed oil has perhaps one of the shortest shelf lives at around 6 to 9 months, with Borage, Carrot and Evening Primrose oil close behind at around 10 to 12 months. These oils are damage caused by temperature changes.

Coconut and Jojoba oil (liquid wax) will keep for many, many years. The Quinessence 5% and 10% Dilution Range uses Jojoba oil as a diluent for this very reason these products will keep for many years as opposed to a dilution produced with almond or grapeseed oil which would only last for a few months.

See the Carrier Oil Rancidity for more information.

Essential Oil Storage

Providing the oils were fresh when you purchased them from your supplier in the first place, correct storage is most definitely the key to preserving the freshness and potency of your oils. Specialist aromatherapy suppliers should have quite regular deliveries of oils, so this should not be a problem. However, if you usually buy your oils from retail outlets be sure to avoid bottles that are displayed on shelves under hot lighting or in direct sunlight. watch out for the products on shelves that have accumulated a visible layer of dust.

Temperature Storage
Both essential and vegetable oils do not like extreme, or repeated changes in temperature, and when not in use should be stored in a cool dark place, away from direct sunlight and other sources of variation in temperature. Never leave oils in a place where the sun will shine directly on them like in your car or on a window shelf in the bathroom, for example. This is fine to keep the essential oil in bathroom, but there are a few things to remember if you want to do this. Obviously if any of the fragrances escape this will give your bathroom a nice fragrance. But, do not store it next to a windowsill. For one, sunlight will make the oils dissipate more quickly, and an open window will only allow the aromas to escape. As well, the temperatures in bathrooms fluctuate quite drastically. due to hot showers and windows being opened for refreshing. This is not to say that a bathroom is a bad place to store them, just keep these facts in mind when putting them away. Perhaps a closet in the bathroom or some such place will do.

To avoid this type of temperature variation you may want to store your most expensive essential oils and absolutes in the refrigerator providing you have some space. Avoid placing them too near the freezer section and don’t have the refrigerator setting too cold; somewhere around 5 – 100C should be fine.

The cool conditions of storing your essential oils can beanywhere you find the temperature to be lower than the rest of your home. In fact, some oils are recommended to be stored in your refrigerator. These are essential oils such as Citrus Oil and some of the more expensive oils. The cooler conditions of the fridge will prevent the oils from escaping by evaporation so that they will not be lost. If for the sake of taste, you do not want your food tasting like essential oils, make sure you get an airtight lid so that none of the aromas are transferred to your foods.

You will find that Rose Otto and most absolutes will solidify at this cooler temperature, so you will need to allow them to warm up for a while in advance of using them. The ambient temperature of a room is usually enough to dissolve the natural waxes in Rose Otto, and if not, holding the bottle produces just enough warmth to liquefy the oil again.

Package Condition
Essential Oil is quite volatile, essential oils will evaporate fairly quickly so be sure to always replace the cap tightly when you have finished using them. Keep them in a dark amber glass container, cobalt blue, violet glass bottle or other dark colored glass which would cut off these rays, thus increasing shelf life of the oil.

Avoid keeping your essential oils in plastic bottles and avoid using bottles that have a build in dropper with a rubber tip. Essential oils are very concentrated and will dissolve the plastic or rubber and your oils will be ruined.

Smaller bottles for storing are preferred since they expose the oil to lesser amounts of oxygen. The bottles should be kept tightly shut and should be opened only as and when required and for very short intervals.

Color Changing
Most essential oils have a shelf life of about two years. If you do not use them in a reasonable amount of time, then unfortunately you may lose them. Some discoloration may occur in the process of storage. For instance, some species of chamomile, when young, are a dark, green/blue, but over time turn to a midnight blue. This is a natural evolution that occurs when they are stored for a certain amount of time. This does not mean that they have ‘gone bad’. This is merely a transformation in hue and aroma that it is subjected to.

Aroma Changing
Lavender that is freshly distilled has often been cited as having an unpleasant aroma. The smell has often been referred to as herbaceous. But, this smell changes over time. So, a seasoned store of lavender, in the light of fears that it will ‘go bad’, actually enhances the aroma and causes it to have a more pleasing smell. It indeed will lose its effectiveness and scented aroma over time. But, in contrast to freshly distilled lavender, it is better to have it sit for a short time, which it usually does in the case of retail stores’ shelves and the like.

Some essential oils, such as absolutes, can solidify in cold weather. Make sure you have some information about the physical nature of your oils before you decide where to store them. This could prevent you from ruining a perfectly good set of oils. If you do have some absolute essential oils that happen to solidify while in storage, this can simply be undone by running the hardened oil under warm water to help it return to a liquid form. Do not do it too long or it will diffuse in the air and you will find yourself engaging in aromatherapy whether you wish to at the time or not.

Please also remember that essential oils are flammable and should be kept away from hazardous situations.

See more about Essential Oil Shelf life and Chain Reaction for more information.

Essential Oil Shelf Life

Essential oils will not begin to smell or rancid like vegetable (carrier) oils over time. But, many essential oils essential oils can oxidize, deteriorate, lose their therapeutic properties, and lose the aromatic quality as time passes or if they are not stored properly. Your nose will tell you that something is seriously wrong long before the point when the oils become unsuitable to be added to carriers for use on the skin. People who use adulterated or synthetic oils need to worry about shelf life. Some British references on aromatherapy say you should throw away your oils every six months and purchase a fresh quantity.

The shelf life of essential oils varies from one oil to the next, from batch to the next and from supplier to the next. But most have a shelf life of a year or more from the date purchase provided from a reputable supplier that maintains fresh inventory.
Factors that can directly affect the shelf life of an essential oil :
  • The method of distillation
  • The conditions and care used during the distillation
  • The quality of the botanical used
  • The care in bottling, storage and handling of the essential oil
  • The storage conditions of the oil
  • Heat, sunlight and air can all have a detrimental effect
Chain Reaction
The shelf life of an essential oil is governed by its chemical stability, and anything that interferes with this stability will cause the oil to start the slow, but inexorable process of deterioration known as oxidation. Once the process of deterioration has begun it can not be stopped, and like a chain-reaction it gathers speed according to the intricate balance of the oils chemical constituents.

Heat, sunlight and air can all have a detrimental effect on the chemistry of all the oils that are used in aromatherapy, and this also includes carrier oils and mixtures of both such as massage oil blends. In addition, the complex and varying chemistry of natural essential oils means that the rate of deterioration will be different for every individual botanical species of oil, even when kept under ideal conditions.

This means that some oils will last far beyond what many books report, whilst others may deteriorate much earlier than they claim. Either way, it is the combination of heat, air, the chemistry of the oil and the way they are stored that will ultimately dictate how long your oils remain in good condition. I did say it was not straightforward!

This is why dark colored glass bottles are used to package essential oils, since they offer some protection to the oil from the sun's harmful ultra-violet light. However, these simple house-keeping practices must still be observed if the bottles are to have any chance of doing their job properly.

The shelf life of essential oils can be maximized by storing them in :
  • Dark glass bottles
  • Tighly closed
  • Keeping them in a cool, dry location away from sunlight
As you use up the oil from a large bottle, rebottle the oil into a smaller bottle. This reduces the amount of oxygen that stays in contact with the oil.

See the Essential Oils storage article for more information.

The complex and varying chemistry of natural essential oils means that the rate of deterioration will be different for every individual botanical species of oil, even when kept under ideal conditions. This means that some oils will last far beyond what many books claim, whilst others may deteriorate earlier than stated.

Guidelines for Telling if an Essential Oil Has Deteriorated
  • The aroma has drastically changed
  • The essential oil has thickened
  • The essential oil has become cloudy
In order to discuss shelf life, we need to distinguish between various classes of scented oils. There are four types of fragrant oils to consider :
  • Essential oils (distilled)
  • Expressed oils (usually citrus)
  • Absolutes (solvent extractions); and
  • Carrier Blend Oils (essential oils in a fatty base)
The shelf lives of these four classes of aromatic oils are different. While expressed, absolute, and carrier blend oils contain large molecules along with their small aromatic ones, pure essential oils obtained entirely by distillation contain only small molecules.

Large molecules tend to be less stable than small ones. Shelf life addresses the question of chemical stability. Aromatic oils are mixtures of many compounds. The large molecules of fatty vegetable oils are not as stable as the tiny ones that comprise essential oils.

If a mixture of compounds remains stable, that is, if it does not decompose or change its chemistry over a long period of time in storage, we say it has a long shelf life.
Essential oils have been found in Egyptian tombs that were still aromatic and effective their therapeutic properties intact, even after thousands of years. These oils were in moderately cool, dark places tightly sealed from exposure to air and the elements. That is all they required to maintain their potency.

You can tell if any damage has been done to your oils by heat by testing the fragrance. If it still smells the same as when you bought it, it is still okay. If not, then damage has occurred. Exposure to heat in excess of 90-120° F can shorten the shelf life of expressed, absolute, and carrier blend oils, but does not shorten the shelf life of true essential oils.

Essential Oils (distilled)
All steam distilled essential oils have a shelf life of at least 2 years, and even more when stored properly. Tea Tree, Pine and Fir oils are the above exceptions, and typically have a shelf life of around 12 to 18 months due to certain components in their natural chemical composition.

A number of blends containing pure essential oils used in North America also contain some fatty oil such as olive, sesame seed, or almond. Usually, 80% or more of these blends consist of essential oils. These are not the same as the aromatherapy grade massage oils of England which are mostly fatty, but they do have a shelf life.

Expressed Oils
Cold pressed citrus oils have the shortest shelf life of all essential oils due to a high proportion of components called terpenes. Terpene-rich oils tend to oxidize the quickest and can have a scant shelf life of 6-12 months. Therefore extra care should be taken to store them safely away from sources of heat. If they were fresh when you purchased them from your supplier, you can expect citrus oils to remain in good condition for 6 to 12 months, and even longer when cared for properly. If you normally buy them in 10ml sizes, immediately decant them into two 5ml bottles and this will protect one bottle from oxidizing for longer.

Expressed oils, absolutes, and carrier blend oils are sensitive to heat, such as in a car on a hot day. Heat accelerates any chemical reaction and if the large molecules in these oils are prone to gradual decomposition even at normal temperatures, this process will be hastened by heat.

Absolutes & Phytonics
Absolutes and phytols generally have the longest shelf of all oils, often remaining in good condition for up to 5 years and beyond.

The longest-lasting oils, which improve as they age, tend to be the thick resins such as frankincense and myrrh, woods such as sandalwood, roots like vetiver, as well as other oils, including spikenard and patchouli. Keep well stocked on these oils so that they have time to mature nicely before you begin to use them

Carrier Blend Oils
See the Carrier Oil Shelf Life article for more information.

Fatty oils also contain proteins, polypeptides, and amino acids, unstable compounds not found in essential oils. Fatty oils will naturally break down into smaller molecules over time at normal room temperatures. It’s call “going rancid”.

While large molecules have no smell, the smaller molecules resulting from the decomposition of fatty hydrocarbons do have a smell, an unpleasant one. Hence, an aromatherapy grade oil that is mostly vegatable oil does have a shelf life. Thus, the British texts that recommend pitching your oils every six months have a valid point in reference to “aromatherapy grade” oils.

Absolutes, expressed oils, and oil blends that are mostly essential and only partly fatty all have a shelf life. Experience has shown that their shelf lives can be measured in years, unless the oil has been exposed to excessive heat. So if you have any such oils, your nose will know if they go bad.
If you want to extend the shelf life of essential oils that have fatty oilsin the mixture, refrigerate them. However, if you are using such oils over periods of time less than a few months, you don’t need to go to the trouble of storing them in your refrigerator.

You don’t have to refrigerate pure essential oils that are the products of distillation. Refrigeration does not extend their shelf life. A cool environment won’t hurt them or help them. They will last indefinitely at normal living temperatures and will remain unaffected and intact even when occassionally exposed to the heat of a hot day in a car, provided you do not open the bottle until it has cooled down to normal temperatures.

See the Essential Oils storage article for more information.
See the Do you still want to buy cheap essential oils? article for more information.

Do You Still Want to Buy Cheap Essential Oils?

How long do essential oils keep before they lose their healing qualities? Having invested hard-earned money in your essential oils, it certainly makes sense to look after them properly to ensure their therapeutic properties are not weakened or lost unnecessarily. Can anything be done at all to extend the life of your oils?

A few suppliers list a shelf life for each of their essential oils or provide guidelines on the expected shelf life of their oils. Though difficult and not always accurate, this can prove helpful to those new to using essential oils. It is especially helpful when suppliers base it upon their knowledge of when the essential oil was actually distilled and how long they have had the oil in their inventory prior to sale.

You should Note the Date You Buy Each Essential Oil. Of course we don't know the date that an essential oil was first distilled, but still we can keep tabs on the age of your oils by writing down your date of purchase on the oil bottle's label.

Bear in mind that many oils can originate on the other side of the world and may have already taken 3 months to reach a distributor. Such oils may well have passed through the hands of several traders before finally arriving at your suppliers premises. The storage conditions used by everyone in the supply chain will have a major influence upon the condition of the oil before you have even purchased it.

The easiest way to extend the life of your essential oils is to simply store them away properly after using them. Essential oils do not like extreme or repeated changes in temperature, and ideally they should be stored in a cool dark place away from direct sunlight and other sources of variation in temperature.

Never leave essential oils in a place where the sun will shine directly on them such as on a window shelf in the bathroom, for example. Over a period of weeks this will dramatically speed up the natural process of deterioration due to them continually heating up and cooling down. Leaving your oils out in the sun like this can halve their life expectancy.

See the Essential Oil Chain Reaction article for more information.

See the Essential Oils storage article for more information.

Choose your source of supply carefully and then take good care of your oils. You Oils will be last longer.

25 November 2008

Pennyroyal Essential Oil

Botanical Name
Mentha pulegium

France and Germany

Yellow or greenish

Strong aromatic odour and taste

Extraction Method
Pennyroyal oil is extracted by the process of steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Pulegone, menthone, iso-menthone and neomenthone

Therapeutic Properties
Carminative, diaphoretic, purifying agent, stimulant and emmenagogic

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
  • It was used to purify the blood, for digestive and menstrual problems and feverish colds
  • It also has a deserved reputation as an insect repellent
  • It is used as an antidote to spasmodic, nervous and hysterical affections
  • It helps in disorders caused by sudden chill or cold


  • Pennyroyal oil even in small doses produces acute liver and lung damage
  • Pennyroyal oil is a toxin and abortifacient

Rue Essential Oil

Botanical Name
Ruta graveolens


Orangish yellow

Medium consistency

Strong, bitter aroma

Extraction Method
Rue Essential Oil extracted using steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
2-nonanone, 2-nonyl acetate, 2-undecanone, 2-butanone, psoralen, bergaptene and xanthotoxin

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
Helpful in: compression wounds, contusions, physical overexertion, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, strengthens the capillary veins, dental problems, skin care, itching skin, anal fissure

  • Rue essential oil is considered toxic, an abortifacient, an irritant to the mucus membranes, a neurotoxin and causes sun sensitivity due to phototoxicity
Blend With
Rue essential oil is not blended with other essential oils

Mugwort Essential Oil

Botanical Name
Artemisia vulgaris

Pale yellow

Consistency/ Viscosity
Lght Perfumery Note

Herbaceous, camphorous, sage-like scent

Extraction Method
Extracted by the process of steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
A volatile oil, an acrid resin and tannin

Therapeutic Properties
Antispasmodic, carminative, choleretic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, nervine, orexigenic, stimulant, stomachic, tonic (uterine, womb), vermifuge

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
Help in: palsy, fits, epileptic, epilepsy, hysteria, fevers and agues

  • Use well diluted
  • Mugwort oil is toxic, arbortifacient and a neurotoxin
  • Avoid during pregnancy
Blend With
Patchouli, lavender, oak moss, rosemary, pine, sage, clary sage and cedarwood

Camphor Essential Oil

Camphor oil is produced in 3 fractions known as white, yellow and brown camphor. Only the white camphor oil is used, it has a clear and fresh smell. The brown and yellow camphor is toxic and therefore not used in aromatherapy.

Although this oil has got some toxic effects, it can be used with great effect in vapor therapy to clear the lungs, dispel apathy and calm nervous depression. It has a beneficial effect on any psychosomatic ailments, while having some distinct benefits for the skin when used with great care.

The camphor tree can grow up to 35 meters (100 feet) and the active component is found in every part of the tree. The tree is native to Formosa (Taiwan), China and Japan and can often grow very old. It must be at least 50 years old to produce the oil.

Botanical Name
Cinnamomum camphora

Formosa (Taiwan), China and Japan

Extraction Method
Camphor oil is extracted by steam distillation from the the chipped wood, root stumps and branches of the camphor plant. It is then rectified under vacuum and filter pressed

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Cineol, Camphor, Borneol, Camphene, Menthol, Borneol, Pinene, and Dipentene

Therapeutic Properties
Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, cardiac, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, insecticide, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant and vulnerary

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
Helpful in : Nervous depression, acne, inflammation, arthritis, muscular aches and pains, sprains, rheumatism, bronchitis, coughs and colds, fever, flu, infectious diseases

  • Since this oil can be highly toxic, it should never be used in aromatherapy massage, but can be used in vapour therapy to decrease respiratory problems
  • Camphor oil is a powerful oil and should be used with care
  • Overdosing can cause convulsions and vomiting
  • Pregnant women or persons suffering from epilepsy and asthma should not use it
Blend With
Basil, Cajuput, Chamomile, Lavender and Melissa

Wintergreen Essential Oil

In late spring the plant forms small white flowers. In summer red cherry shaped berries grow and last until the following spring. The crushed leaves have a lovely medicinal smell. Traditionally Wintergreen was chewed by the natives of the Americas in order to increase lung capacity and assist in healing respiratory conditions. Early settlers chewed on Wintergreen to help prevent tooth decay.

Botanical Name
Gaultheria procumbens

North America

Pale yellow

Intense sweet-woody aroma

Extraction Method
Wintergreen essential oil is extracted from the leaves of a small evergreen herb that grows up to 15 cm using steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Menthyl salicylate and gaultherilene

Therapeutic Properties
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, antitussive, astringent, carminative, diruetic, emmenagogue, galactagogue and stimulant

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
  • It is mainly employed for joint and muscular problems such as lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia, gout, myalgia, etc
  • Has been traditionally used for supporting cases of arthritis and other joint/muscular aches and pains
  • The essential oil of Wintergreen, being made up almost exclusively of methyl salicylate, precursor to common aspirin
  • Along with its analgesic effects, Wintergreen also has anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, antitussive, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue and stimulant properties
  • Wintergreen oil should always used in diluted form
  • Wintergreen should NOT be used by people who are allergic to aspirin
  • Avoid using during pregnancy
  • Internal use of wintergreen should be avoided because it can be toxic
  • Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction, dilute properly
Blend With
Oregano Oil, Peppermint Oil, Thyme Oil and Ylang Ylang Oil

The dried leaf and stem are current in the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia as a specific for rheumatoid arthritis. It is often blended to a 10% concentration in the carrier oil of your choice, and used as an effective pain-relieving massage oil

Mustard Essential Oil

Mustard essential oil is a hazardous oil because of its high content of allyl isothiocyanate.

Botanical Name
Brassica nigra

Extraction Method
Mustard oil is extracted by the process of water distillation or steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Mustard oil is no less than 92% allyl isothiocyanate

  • When mustard oil is inhaled, it produces an extremely unpleasant sensation in the occipital regions of the head and causes inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eyes and the mucus membranes of the respiratory system
  • When applied to the skin, it provokes a burning sensation and should never be used in aromatherapy

Calamus Essential Oil

Botanical Name
Acorus calamus angustatus

Calamus is a perennial, semi-aquatic, marshy plant, native to northern Europe and Asia

Warm, spicy odor, reminding of sweet forest

Extraction Method
Extracted from fresh or dried roots by steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
Acorenone, isoshyobunine, asarone, calamendiol, a-selinene, a-calacorene, calamusenone, camphone and shyobunone

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
The root of this plant is used in herbal medicine for the treatment of nervous complaints, vertigo, headaches and dysentery.
  • The root of this plant is used in herbal medicine to treat a variety of problems, from nerves, and vertigo, but the oil contains asorone - which is carcinogenic, and oral ingestion can cause convulsions as well as kidney and liver damage.
  • This oil should not be used in aromatherapy
  • Oral ingestion of calamus oil can cause convulsions and liver and kidney damage
  • The essential oil contains asorone, which is a carcinogenic, and oral ingestion can cause convulsions and liver and kidney damage.
  • When fed to rats at an inclusion rate of 0.05 - 0.5% in their daily diet, calamus oil caused malignant tumors to develop in the duodenum after 59 weeks. Severe tremors occurred lasting from 30 minutes to 2 hours when calamus oil was orally ingested.

Thuja Essential Oil

Botanical Name
Thuja occidentalis

East Asia

Colourless to pale green

Light consistency

Woody, fruity aroma

Extraction Method
Thuja oil is extracted by fresh leaves and twigs using steam distillation

Constituents and Chemical Composition
A-thujone, b-thujone, a-pinene, camphene, d-sabinene, fenchone, camphone, terpinen-4-ol and bornyl acetate

Therapeutic Properties
Anti rheumatic, astingent, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, insect repellent, rubefacient, stimulant, tonic, vermifuge

Uses for Health Benefits (Indications)
Helpful in: coughs, fever, intestinal parasites, venereal diseases, cystitis, rheumatism, gout, warts, abnormal cell growths, polyps, skin cancers, tumors of skin, mucosa

  • Taken in excess, this oil can produce unpleasant results
  • It is an abortifacient (agent causing abortion) and convulsant in overdose
  • The leaf oil is considered toxic
  • Do not use during pregnancy
  • Do not use without medical supervision
Blend With
Armoise, Cedarwood, Citrus Oils, Lavender, Pine Needle