18 September 2008

What will the dentist do if I go to exam my oral and dental? Should I worry? Is it gonna hurt? These questions often we heard, sometimes there is such a concern when we want to see dentist for routine check up.

Dental examination is a systematic process during which your dentist will investigate many facets of your oral and systemic health in order to identify pathologies or concerns and develop a uniquely customized treatment plan that is catered towards maximizing your oral health while meeting your goals and expectations.

What dentist do during examination?

1. Medical History Intake
ExaminationCollecting information about :
  • List of medications that currently taking.
  • List of vitamins and natural healing remedies that currently taking.
  • List of Allergy.
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Any experience with anesthesia and the adverse reaction including Family member.
  • Any medical conditions that currently being treated for.
  • Previous surgeries or hospitalizations.
All of these informations are important as first step for treatment planning and precaution for treatment.

2. The Investigation
Second step is examination of teeth and supporting structures. This step involves the incorporation of various techniques, technologies and therapies.
  • Oral ExaminationDental hygienist explores every surface of every tooth to uncover new cavities and examine the quality of existing fillings with a crown horn or fishhook. Fillings can break down and require replacement and mal also be replaced for improved esthetics.
  • Check calculus deposits by dental hygienist using pigtail tool.
  • X-rays or bitewings (molars and premolars) to detect abnormalities (if necessary).
  • Healthy gums adhere tightly to the teeth. The dental hygienist typically performs periodontal probing to measure the circumference of each tooth and the strength of the supporting bone structure. A calibrated probe is inserted between the teeth and gums to measure the level of "gum adherence" to the teeth. The goal is to record a number of one, two or three. A number of four or more indicates periodontal disease and potential bone loss. If the gums do not tighten after the cleaning, there is scheduled for a scaling or root planing appointment. For more severe cases, dentist will referred to a periodontist for additional treatment.
  • The hygienist cleans each tooth using scalers (scraping tools), curets (scoop-shaped instruments) and sometimes additional high-frequency ultrasonic scaler.
  • The hygienist gently polishes the teeth to ensure that the enamel is not disturbed. Toothpaste or a combination of baking soda and water may be used to complete the polishing.
  • Last step : fluoride treatment.
3. The EducationOral Education
Dentist will spend some time talking about the findings, concerns and any problematic issues. You may be advised to consult with a specialist if more complicated or advanced work is required. A treatment plan is discussed at this point in the visit.
  • Professional cleaning is recommended every six months or as often as every two months should you be at risk for periodontal disease, are a smoker or a diabetic.
  • Brush and floss teeth after every meal, three times a day. Improper brushing such as brushing too hard can lead to enamel loss and gum recession. Flossing between teeth is done to remove debris that can cause bacteria to form.
  • The hygienist reviews nutritional habits that support the teeth, gums and bone structure in the mouth. Special attention for people who suffer from bad breath (halitosis), dry mouth, tooth sensitivity and the like.
  • Smokers are informed that they face an increased risk for periodontal disease, which leads to tooth loss. Nail biters can be risking injury to the enamel on their teeth. Teeth grinders are informed that the dentist will speak to them about a mouth guard. Dental hygienists also have special treatment considerations for babies, youths and senior citizens.
4. The Take Home Bag
Take Home Bag is given to patient to promote oral health practice, include :
  • Take Home BagNew toothbrush or interdental brush
  • Floss
  • Rubber tip stimulator
  • Tongue cleaner
By keeping mouth healthy, you thwart many potential dental problems, keep your smile bright, and ultimately avoid heavy financial investments at the dental office.

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