18 September 2008

PregnantTeeth and gums are more susceptible to bacterial accumulation during pregnancy associated increase in hormone levels. It’s very important to take care for oral health before, during and after pregnancy. Maintaining oral health will reduce the risk of pregnancy complications that can result if dental conditions are left untreated.

Oral Health Conditions - Pregnancy
There are a number of oral health conditions associated with pregnancy. These conditions can be prevented through proper oral hygiene practices and consultation with dentist and medical professional. Here’re some of the following conditions :

Pregnancy Gingivitis
It’s a common condition affecting women during pregnancy. It is caused as a result of bacteria becoming trapped in between your teeth. It can be managed if diagnosed early enough.
The symptoms :
  • GingivitisRed, swollen or tender gums
  • The sensation of loose teeth
  • Spaces between teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Pus along the gums
  • Change in bite
  • The development of periodontal disease can be additionally problematic for pregnant women and their children
Periodontal Disease
Also known as periodontitis, it leads to the deterioration of bone and surrounding gum tissue. This condition develops as a result of untreated gingivitis.
The symptoms :
  • Bleeding GumsBleeding gums
  • Inflamed gums
  • Tender gums
  • Chronic bad breath (halitosis)
  • Tooth loss
  • Infection
Periodontal disease can also be asymptomatic (producing no symptoms at all) even while silently causing erosion of the gums and supporting bone structure. Pregnant women suffering from periodontal disease should consult with their dentist and medical doctor immediately.

Pregnancy TumorsPregnancy Tumors (Pyogenic Granulomas)
Also known as pyogenic granulomas. Pregnant women with gingivitis or periodontal disease are more susceptible to the development of pregnancy tumors. These tumors make women eat or speak and can cause discomfort. Don’t’ worry this tumor still can be remove by dentist during pregnancy.

Dental Visits for Pregnant WomanDental Visit
During second trimester, it is important that you visit dentist for an oral hygiene check up and professional dental cleaning. Invasive restorative and cosmetic procedures should be avoided.

If you have a toothache, bleeding of the gums or pus around your tooth, schedule a visit with your dentist for a checkup. These symptoms may be signs of an oral infection which, if untreated, could spread throughout your body during pregnancy. Infections of the mouth or teeth during pregnancy increase the risk for complication.

Gum infections are the most common form of infection during pregnancy. Less common infections include abscesses inside or at the end of the root of a tooth. Such abscesses may require a root canal.

Dental Treatments to Avoid During Pregnancy
There are a number of dental procedures that should be avoided during pregnancy.
  1. X-rays: Although X-rays only produce a small amount of radiation, they are not recommended during pregnancy.
  2. Extensive Dental Work: Restorative and cosmetic dental procedures including those that require you to sit in a dental chair for an extended period of time are not recommended during pregnancy. If you sit for long periods in the dental chair, you put increased pressure on the major blood vessel that supplies blood to your lower extremities which can make you feel faint.
Self Treatment Dental Care for Pregnant Women
  1. Brushing TeethBrush and Floss. Brush and floss three times a day to prevent the accumulation of bacteria on and around the teeth.
  2. Morning Sickness and Vomiting Aids. Morning sickness and vomiting may be improved with a warm water or antibacterial mouthwash rinse. Baking soda used as toothpaste has been known to relieve an upset stomach; however, check with your doctor before using baking soda during pregnancy, especially if you have high blood pressure.
  3. A Healthy Diet. A diet for healthy gums during pregnancy includes calcium, B12 and vitamin C.
  4. Pregnant women who practice good oral hygiene and consult with their dentist and medical doctor are considerably less likely to experience problems throughout the term of their pregnancy.

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