19 September 2008

Impeded saliva flow
  • SalivaSaliva protects the tissues in the mouth, helps to remove infected white blood cells, yeast, viruses and bacteria from the teeth and surrounding mucosal surfaces.
  • Lysozyme (for example) a molecule in saliva, acts as an antibacterial agent. It is effective because it breaks down the sugar molecules in the cell structure of the bacteria on the teeth. Saliva also mineralizes to protect the enamel on the surface of teeth.
  • It may be caused by disease, medications or part of the natural progression of age, compromises the protective elements provided by saliva against pathogens, irritants and toxins that enter the mouth.
MicrobialMicrobial infections
  • Caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi, are the cause of several oral diseases, including dental caries, periodontal diseases, herpes labialis and yeast infections (also known as candidiasis).
Inherited and congenital
  • May affect the craniofacial structure, which can result in impairments that involve other body organs and systems.
AlcoholTobacco, alcohol and unhealthy dietary practices
  • Tobacco is a risk factor for oral and pharyngeal cancers, periodontal diseases, candidiasis and dental caries.
  • Diet containing foods high in sugar and saturated fats is a contributor to tooth decay. Alcohol use is an independent risk factor for oral cancer.
Sjögren’s syndromeSjögren’s syndrome
  • Initially diagnosed through oral symptoms.
  • Affects women and is characterized by the inability to produce a sufficient amount of saliva. This syndrome can cause pain and produce rapid dental caries.
Oral-facial conditions
  • Often having complex origins and causes that can affect other organs.
  • Many TMD (jaw joint dysfunction) patients complain of facial pain and difficulty in moving surrounding muscles as well as other areas of the body.
The causes and origin of diseases and disorders affecting the craniofacial structures are complex, and may include elements of genetic, environmental and behavioral background. For example, you may have a malocclusion (bad bite) due to genetics. The craniofacial complex can reproduce cells and tissues to foster proper functionality over the course of a lifetime. This functionality may be compromised if the oral cavity and body are not properly cared for.

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