22 September 2008

Stop Eat Fast Food!

Fast food such as burger, fried potato or pizza, can be very nyummy when we feel hungry. But, fast food has a negative impact to health. How to avoid it? Here the tips :
  1. If you’re gona spend all day outside house, eat first before you leave. You will not feel hungry and teased if pass through places that sale fast food.
  2. Thing something bad about fast food. Like this, Think how much oil use to cook this food and how much fat contains in fast food. Maybe if you imagine it you will have no appetite anymore.
  3. Straight your hearth. Keep promising in your heart, you will not eat it. Believe in your self that reward from your struggle will be useful and lots of benefit you will get. Think this: if I stop eat fast food, I will have a more slim body and my weight will not increase.
  4. Eat lots of light meal which contain healthy ingredient such as fibre. If you have light meal at home, you will not easily come to fast food restaurant. Make sure that your light meal pretty tease.
  5. Give reward to your self. It’s has no adverse. If you success not eat fast food, go see movie or eat a chocolate bar. You deserve to get it.
  6. Try many activities. Get your mind focus to another thing, you will not think to come at fast food restaurant.
  7. Let another person drive your car. If somebody else drive your car, they feel not necessary to pull over by some fast food.
  8. Always make sure tour healthy light meal on hand. If some friend ask you to eat fast food, you have already had this meal.
  9. Make a target. If you’re not eat fast food for a couple days, you will loose your appetite and will not come to fast food restaurant for a long time again.
  10. Get ‘n experiment and try to learn cooking. This will make you stop eat in outside home, plus you can learn something new. Try it, you’ll love it!

21 September 2008

Milk and Weight Loss

Many people had a wrong opinion, that if you drink milk will stimulate weight gain. Well good news for you people! Milk can help you reduce your weight. Milk is a good source of protein, zinc and some B vitamins. But it’s also one of the main providers of calcium, a mineral that not only helps to keep bones strong.

A pint of skimmed milk contains just 190 calories and 0.6g fat, while a pint of semi-skimmed milk contains 260 calories and 9g fat, much lower than most small chocolate bars! Calcium alone can help weight loss, but the effects seems to be more dramatic when it’s taken in the form of dairy products.

A study result : the diets of 32 obese adults and discovered that those people eating three servings of low-fat dairy products a day lost more than 10% of their body weight. In contrast, those taking calcium supplements or those who had little calcium or dairy in their diet lost only 8% and 6% of their body weight, respectively.

Diet rich in milk doesn’t actually increase the risk of heart disease and stroke and may even help to prevent them! Get 3 servings daily such as a glass of milk, 1 small pot of low-fat yoghurt and a matchbox-sized piece of cheese. It could be better for your health than you think.

Method of Aromatherapy and Essential Oil Diffusers

Diffusion is the process of dispersing essential oils so that their aroma fills a room or an area with the natural fragrance.

There are 3 easy and popular methods :

Tissue Diffusion
  • Place 4-5 drops of essential oil on a tissue. Place the tissue near you. As movement occurs in the room.
  • Advantages :
    This method can be used anywhere and is quickly transportable.
  • Disadvantages :
    This method does not emit much aroma into a room.
Steam Diffusion
  • Boil 3 cups of water. Pour the water into a bowl and add up to 15 drops of oil to the water. Caution with the oil that can make irritate the mucous membrane. Use only a few drops of essential oil, like cinnamon, eucalyptus, rosemary, pine, thyme, cajuput, etc. The steam will heat the oils and cause them to evaporate quickly into the room.
  • Advantages :
    This method will quickly diffuse the oils into a room.
  • Disadvantages :
    The aroma is not exceptionally long-lasting. The heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods.
Candle Diffusion
  • Light a candle and allow it to burn for about 10 minutes. Extinguish the candle, place 1 drop of essential oil in the melted wax and then relight the candle.
  • Advantages :
    This method can be used most anywhere that a candle may be used.
  • Disadvantages :
    Essential oils are flammable, so great care must be used. The aroma is not long-lasting. The heat may alter or destroy certain constituents of the oils and thus the therapeutic benefit may not be as optimal as using cold-air diffusion methods.

19 September 2008

Dental Sealants

Dental SealantAlso known as tooth sealants. Sealants have offered a protective plastic coating that covers the surfaces of teeth to help prevent tooth decay(cavities). The net result is a smoother tooth surface, one which is less likely to trap food and plaque and one which is easier to clean with your toothbrush. Tooth decay can lead to tooth death.

Tooth Decay and Children
Because of their many bumps and grooves, the chewing surfaces of children's teeth are highly susceptible to cavities. These grooves (called pits and fissures) may be more problematic for some children than for others.
Children in cavity-prone years (aged four to 17) and adults all face the same pit and fissure problem. Premolars and molars have the most pits and fissures, and are difficult for people of any age to reach with a toothbrush or dental floss.

Procedure of Dental Sealant
The dental sealant procedure is usually performed on baby teeth soon after they erupt, and repeated at regular intervals over the years. Since the sealant is gradually lost through natural wear and tear of the teeth, the application must be repeated to remain effective.
  • Dental SealantDentist will clean the teeth, dry them and apply a slightly acidic solution that is designed to help the sealant bond to the tooth surface.
  • Each tooth is painted with a very thin layer of the sealant coating. Dentist will use a high-intensity curing light to harden the sealant after it has been painted on your teeth.
  • Sealants can last for many years, but they should be checked regularly and assessed for possible re-application.
It is important to note that sealants do not replace fluoride. Rather, they add to the benefits of fluoride, and may preserve teeth so that they do not decay or require more extensive dental procedures later on.

DollarsDental Sealants Costs
The cost of dental sealants can range from approximately $30o $50 per tooth. Dental insurance will often cover the cost of dental sealantsbut still, this dependent on the level of insurance you have. See your dentist about the advantages of sealants for your particular situation, and the out-of-pocket costs associated with sealants.

The Causes of Oral Disease

Impeded saliva flow
  • SalivaSaliva protects the tissues in the mouth, helps to remove infected white blood cells, yeast, viruses and bacteria from the teeth and surrounding mucosal surfaces.
  • Lysozyme (for example) a molecule in saliva, acts as an antibacterial agent. It is effective because it breaks down the sugar molecules in the cell structure of the bacteria on the teeth. Saliva also mineralizes to protect the enamel on the surface of teeth.
  • It may be caused by disease, medications or part of the natural progression of age, compromises the protective elements provided by saliva against pathogens, irritants and toxins that enter the mouth.
MicrobialMicrobial infections
  • Caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi, are the cause of several oral diseases, including dental caries, periodontal diseases, herpes labialis and yeast infections (also known as candidiasis).
Inherited and congenital
  • May affect the craniofacial structure, which can result in impairments that involve other body organs and systems.
AlcoholTobacco, alcohol and unhealthy dietary practices
  • Tobacco is a risk factor for oral and pharyngeal cancers, periodontal diseases, candidiasis and dental caries.
  • Diet containing foods high in sugar and saturated fats is a contributor to tooth decay. Alcohol use is an independent risk factor for oral cancer.
Sjögren’s syndromeSjögren’s syndrome
  • Initially diagnosed through oral symptoms.
  • Affects women and is characterized by the inability to produce a sufficient amount of saliva. This syndrome can cause pain and produce rapid dental caries.
Oral-facial conditions
  • Often having complex origins and causes that can affect other organs.
  • Many TMD (jaw joint dysfunction) patients complain of facial pain and difficulty in moving surrounding muscles as well as other areas of the body.
The causes and origin of diseases and disorders affecting the craniofacial structures are complex, and may include elements of genetic, environmental and behavioral background. For example, you may have a malocclusion (bad bite) due to genetics. The craniofacial complex can reproduce cells and tissues to foster proper functionality over the course of a lifetime. This functionality may be compromised if the oral cavity and body are not properly cared for.

General Health Can Influence Your Oral Health!

The medical and dental communities are taking steps towards accurately documenting the connection between medical conditions, diseases and oral health.

Did you know that vascular diseases and cancer have both been linked to oral health? It Seems like the oral cavity is often the mirror of the body. Preventing oral disease often seems to prevent diseases in other organs or systems. Many diseases appear first in the mouth and are thus found while patients are in the dental chair.

Dentition & Diet
Maintaining a perfect dentition allows you to maintain a healthy diet. For example, people with no teeth have to change their diet to accommodate for their handicap. Finding it difficult to eat fruits or raw vegetables, they instead opt for softer foods that are high in saturated fats.

Further, recent studies have determined a connection between untreated dental infections and death.There are many children who die from dental infections or conditions relating to dental infections. Yet, many cases were not documented as such due the lack of knowledge about the oral-systemic connection.

The Oral-Systemic Correlation
An oral-systemic connection describes a link between diseases and conditions of the mouth, and medical conditions of the body. Certain medical conditions of the body have early oral manifestations. Regular dental visits are integral to maintaining a healthy oral environment and to controlling oral infections from the body that can cause tooth caries and periodontal disease.

Medical conditions, viruses and diseases that have an oral-systemic connection :
  1. AIDS : Intra-oral hairy leukoplakia (white patches on tongue and inner check) and Kaposi Sarcoma are indicators for AIDS.
  2. Autoimmune Conditions : Pemphigus and lichen planus (auto-immune diseases) have oral manifestations.
  3. Diabetes : People with diabetes who happen to have periodontal disease may suffer excessive bone loss of the jaw or surrounding bone structure and have difficulties in healing.
  4. Fanconi Anemia : Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic syndrome characterized by short stature, myelosuppression (diminished bone marrow activity) and the development of oral cancer in young adults. The genetic disorder has been linked with an increased tendency towards periodontal disease and other dental abnormalities.
  5. Heart Disease : Evidence is mounting as to the role that oral microbes and host response might play in the causation of heart disease and stroke. Authorities have concluded that poor oral health caused by chronic dental infections may increase the risk forcardiovascular disease and stroke.
  6. Human Papilloma Virus : Human papilloma virus has been linked to oropharyngeal cancer as documented in a recent study conducted by the New England Journal of Medicine.
  7. Stroke : The evidence is mounting as to the role that oral microbes and host response might play in the causation of heart disease and stroke. Recent studies have linked periodontal disease with strokes.

Diagnostic Technologies

A number of technologies are available to help screen and diagnose oral diseases and conditions. Technologies that used to screen for oral disease :

Disease Susceptibility Detector
  • Disease Susceptibility DetectorMicrobiologic arrays have been developed and are now used to screen for the pathogens that cause tooth caries and periodontal disease.
  • Child aged two years old can now be screened for certain microbes to assess if they are at increased risk to develop dental caries.
Oral Cancer Revealed
  • Vizilite VelscopeVizilite VelscopeCancer is a lethal disease, 60% sufferers are died because of this. If diagnosed early, survival improves significantly.
  • Dentists now have some important aids : Vizilite and Velscope. They detect abnormal tissue in the mouth by measuring fluorescence.
Heart Attack and Stroke Filters
  • Heart AttackHeart attack and stroke can be detected by CRP test than the result of high cholesterol. CRP (-Reactive Protein) is as a response of chronic inflammation.
  • If the dentist finds that the results are questionable, further medical evaluation will be required. These types of referrals have led to the detection of cancer, arthritis, gout and diabetes.

Dental Care For People With Special Condition

Bisphosphonate Users
  • BisphosphonateCancer patients, patients with osteoporosis and other users of bisphosphonates must maintain their oral health to prevent a serious complication called osteonecrosis of the jaw.
  • This condition tends to occur more frequently among intravenous users of bisphosphonates about 5-10%.
Cancer Patients
  • Cancer patients are required to have all dental procedures completed prior to starting radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
Osteoporosis SufferersOsteoporosis
  • Women with osteoporosis who receive bisphosphonates must maintain their oral health to prevent a serious complication called osteonecrosis of the jaw.
Pregnant Women
  • Pregnant women and women considering pregnancy should make an effort to undergo treatment if they suffer from periodontal disease (gum disease).
  • Research has shown that women with periodontal disease tend to have more complications or give birth to babies of lesser weight.

18 September 2008

Dental Hygiene

SmileDental hygiene, also known as oral hygiene, is the process by which preventative dental care is provided to avoid dental emergencies. At the core of dental hygiene is the in-home dental care regimen you perform.

Tooth brushing is important,but still only brush the teeth alone will not remove the calculus that builds up over time. Calculus must be removed to lower your risk of toothaches, cavities, periodontal disease or even the loss of all your teeth. Removing calculus will reduce the chances of needing root canals, tooth extractions, dental bridges, crowns and more.

Root - Dental Hygiene
Calculus builds up on the teeth. If calculus forms below the gum line, bacteria can invade and create a host of other dental problems. Furthermore, the surfaces and areas between the teeth and under the gum line must be maintained and treated on a regular basis in order to ensure proper dental hygiene.

Dental hygienists are often responsible for :
  • performing professional tooth cleaning
  • scraping hardened plaque (tartar)
  • removing calculus deposits
  • taking X-rays
  • identifying changes in the bite (occlusion)
  • investigating components that relate to the bone and setting up the nitrous oxide that is used
  • relaxing people requiring more invasive treatment
Your dentist then works with your hygienist by further examining the teeth, mouth and gums to provide any necessary treatment for tooth decay or gum disease. Regular dental visits are critical at any age for the maintenance of dental hygiene. Recommendation that patients visit with their dentist and dental hygienist a minimum of two times each year to maintain proper dental hygiene.

Tooth Brushing

Brushing your teeth with fluoride toothpaste helps to maintenance your good oral health. The advantages are :Brushing Teeth
  • Cleaning and whitening the teeth.
  • Help to prevent the onset of tooth decay and gum disease.
  • Removing tooth stains.
  • Avoiding bad breath are added benefits of tooth brushing.
Why We Must Brush Our Teeth?
  • The foods that we eat contain lots of sugars and starches. If plaque combines with these sugars and starches, an acid is produced that attacks tooth enamel and causes tooth decay.
  • Dental plaque can irritate the gums and become red, swollen, tender and can bleed easily.
  • Gum irritation can lead to gingivitis, an oral condition that precedes gum disease (periodontitis).
  • If plaque is not removed, the gums can eventually start to pull away from the teeth. When this happens, bacteria and pus-filled pockets can develop and the bone that supports the teeth can be destroyed. Once the bone is destroyed, the teeth will loosen and/or require removal.
  • Brushing your teeth removes plaque from the tooth surfaces while flossing removes plaque from in between the teeth. High recommends that you brush the teeth twice a day for about two minutes, after eating.
Optimal Tooth Brushing Techniques
  • Tooth BrushingUse a small amount of ADA-approved toothpaste.
  • Hold the brush at a 450 angle.
  • Use gentle and short strokes, moving your toothbrush back and forth while brushing the outside areas of your upper and lower molars.
  • Use the same motions and brush the outside areas of your upper and lower incisors.
  • Using back and forth motions, brush the biting surfaces of your upper and lower molars.
  • Brush the insides of your upper and lower molars with the same back and forth brushing motion.
  • With the tip of your brush, brush the inside areas of your upper and lower incisors using gentle up and down strokes.
  • Brush the tongue to remove bacteria and keep your breath fresh. In order to maintain good oral hygiene, it is important to brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss daily, use an oral rinse, eat a well balanced diet and visit your dentist for regular check ups.
Which One Shoud I choose : Electric or Manual?
Deciding whether to buy an electric or manual toothbrush basically depend to what you desire as far as comfort and convenience. Oral health experts believe that brushing with an electric toothbrush can be more effective than using a manual toothbrush. Electric toothbrushes are designed to replicate the functionality of the professional brushes used by dentists for in-office cleanings.

Advantages of Electric Toothbrush
When used correctly, an electric toothbrush can be more effective than a manual toothbrush in removing plaque from the teeth and gum line, because eectric teeth brush :
  • Tooth BrushIncrease brushing time while helping users reach difficult areas of the mouth.
  • Have a setting that notifies the user when to stop brushing.
  • Helps to prevent over-brushing that can damage tooth enamel and foster gum recession.
  • Usually have larger handles, which are great for kids, older adults and people who suffer from arthritis.
The best toothbrush to buy is an extra soft bristled brush with a small head that fits easily in your mouth and has a handle that feels comfortable in your hand.Tooth Brush
  • Provide more flexibility than electric toothbrushes.
  • Help to reach difficult areas of the mouth.
  • Offer convenient accessories that aid oral hygiene, such as built-in tongue scrapers that can be more effective in cleaning the tongue than brushing.
  • Be sure to replace your toothbrush (or toothbrush head) every three months or sooner if the bristles start to fray or wear out.

Dental Care For The Smokers

If you are a smoker, your dental care needs are considerably more demanding than those of a non-smoker. Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of :
  • SmokingTooth loss
  • Increases the risk for periodontal disease (gum disease)
  • Loss of bone structure
  • A consistent build up of plaque and tartar
  • Stained teeth
  • Bad breath
  • The loss of taste and smell
  • Inflammation of the salivary glandDental Plaque
  • Leukoplakia (precancerous condition)
  • Development of lung
  • Throat or oral cancer
Furthermore, smoking is associated with :
  • a slower healing process following dental work
  • lower rate of success for procedures such as dental implants
  • smokers may not be implant candidates at all
Oral Health Tips for Smokers
  • Tooth OperationSchedule an exam with your physician to identify the right smoking cessation program. Inquire about a counseling service, nicotine patch or gum, nasal inhalers and sprays or non-nicotine prescription medications.
  • Schedule a professional dental cleaning and oral health checkup.
  • Be certain to maintain a proper dental hygiene home program. Yeah,smokers trully need it. Treat yourself to a new a tongue cleaner, dental floss and mouthwash.
  • Initiate a stress reduction program such as an exercise regimen, Pilates or a yoga class.

Dental Care For Pregnant Woman

PregnantTeeth and gums are more susceptible to bacterial accumulation during pregnancy associated increase in hormone levels. It’s very important to take care for oral health before, during and after pregnancy. Maintaining oral health will reduce the risk of pregnancy complications that can result if dental conditions are left untreated.

Oral Health Conditions - Pregnancy
There are a number of oral health conditions associated with pregnancy. These conditions can be prevented through proper oral hygiene practices and consultation with dentist and medical professional. Here’re some of the following conditions :

Pregnancy Gingivitis
It’s a common condition affecting women during pregnancy. It is caused as a result of bacteria becoming trapped in between your teeth. It can be managed if diagnosed early enough.
The symptoms :
  • GingivitisRed, swollen or tender gums
  • The sensation of loose teeth
  • Spaces between teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Pus along the gums
  • Change in bite
  • The development of periodontal disease can be additionally problematic for pregnant women and their children
Periodontal Disease
Also known as periodontitis, it leads to the deterioration of bone and surrounding gum tissue. This condition develops as a result of untreated gingivitis.
The symptoms :
  • Bleeding GumsBleeding gums
  • Inflamed gums
  • Tender gums
  • Chronic bad breath (halitosis)
  • Tooth loss
  • Infection
Periodontal disease can also be asymptomatic (producing no symptoms at all) even while silently causing erosion of the gums and supporting bone structure. Pregnant women suffering from periodontal disease should consult with their dentist and medical doctor immediately.

Pregnancy TumorsPregnancy Tumors (Pyogenic Granulomas)
Also known as pyogenic granulomas. Pregnant women with gingivitis or periodontal disease are more susceptible to the development of pregnancy tumors. These tumors make women eat or speak and can cause discomfort. Don’t’ worry this tumor still can be remove by dentist during pregnancy.

Dental Visits for Pregnant WomanDental Visit
During second trimester, it is important that you visit dentist for an oral hygiene check up and professional dental cleaning. Invasive restorative and cosmetic procedures should be avoided.

If you have a toothache, bleeding of the gums or pus around your tooth, schedule a visit with your dentist for a checkup. These symptoms may be signs of an oral infection which, if untreated, could spread throughout your body during pregnancy. Infections of the mouth or teeth during pregnancy increase the risk for complication.

Gum infections are the most common form of infection during pregnancy. Less common infections include abscesses inside or at the end of the root of a tooth. Such abscesses may require a root canal.

Dental Treatments to Avoid During Pregnancy
There are a number of dental procedures that should be avoided during pregnancy.
  1. X-rays: Although X-rays only produce a small amount of radiation, they are not recommended during pregnancy.
  2. Extensive Dental Work: Restorative and cosmetic dental procedures including those that require you to sit in a dental chair for an extended period of time are not recommended during pregnancy. If you sit for long periods in the dental chair, you put increased pressure on the major blood vessel that supplies blood to your lower extremities which can make you feel faint.
Self Treatment Dental Care for Pregnant Women
  1. Brushing TeethBrush and Floss. Brush and floss three times a day to prevent the accumulation of bacteria on and around the teeth.
  2. Morning Sickness and Vomiting Aids. Morning sickness and vomiting may be improved with a warm water or antibacterial mouthwash rinse. Baking soda used as toothpaste has been known to relieve an upset stomach; however, check with your doctor before using baking soda during pregnancy, especially if you have high blood pressure.
  3. A Healthy Diet. A diet for healthy gums during pregnancy includes calcium, B12 and vitamin C.
  4. Pregnant women who practice good oral hygiene and consult with their dentist and medical doctor are considerably less likely to experience problems throughout the term of their pregnancy.

The Tooth Protector – Fluoride

Dental TreatmentIn office fluoride treatment helps to protect the teeth from decay.

Dental Benefits of Fluoride
Fluoride has been proven to effectively reduce the prevalence of dental caries and tooth decay.

How does this thing work?
  1. Strength Over Time : Fluoride makes teeth stronger to help prevent initiation of dental caries and tooth decay resulting from acid contained in sugars and the breakdown of carbohydrates.
  2. Therapeutic Output : Fluoride re-mineralizes areas of the teeth that are weakened by acid.
FluoridesWhich Fluoridated should I choose?
Basically fluorides come in two basic forms :
  1. Topical Fluorides : These fluorides strengthen teeth by providing better resistance to decay. This category includes toothpastes and home mouth rinses, as well as gels, foams and rinses incorporated during your dental visits.
  2. FluoridesSystemic Fluorides : These fluorides include water fluoridation, tablets, drops or lozenge dietary fluoride supplements. Dietary fluoride supplements may be recommended for children between the ages of six months and sixteen who live in communities without fluoridated water. These supplements available by prescription only.

The Oral Examination

What will the dentist do if I go to exam my oral and dental? Should I worry? Is it gonna hurt? These questions often we heard, sometimes there is such a concern when we want to see dentist for routine check up.

Dental examination is a systematic process during which your dentist will investigate many facets of your oral and systemic health in order to identify pathologies or concerns and develop a uniquely customized treatment plan that is catered towards maximizing your oral health while meeting your goals and expectations.

What dentist do during examination?

1. Medical History Intake
ExaminationCollecting information about :
  • List of medications that currently taking.
  • List of vitamins and natural healing remedies that currently taking.
  • List of Allergy.
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Any experience with anesthesia and the adverse reaction including Family member.
  • Any medical conditions that currently being treated for.
  • Previous surgeries or hospitalizations.
All of these informations are important as first step for treatment planning and precaution for treatment.

2. The Investigation
Second step is examination of teeth and supporting structures. This step involves the incorporation of various techniques, technologies and therapies.
  • Oral ExaminationDental hygienist explores every surface of every tooth to uncover new cavities and examine the quality of existing fillings with a crown horn or fishhook. Fillings can break down and require replacement and mal also be replaced for improved esthetics.
  • Check calculus deposits by dental hygienist using pigtail tool.
  • X-rays or bitewings (molars and premolars) to detect abnormalities (if necessary).
  • Healthy gums adhere tightly to the teeth. The dental hygienist typically performs periodontal probing to measure the circumference of each tooth and the strength of the supporting bone structure. A calibrated probe is inserted between the teeth and gums to measure the level of "gum adherence" to the teeth. The goal is to record a number of one, two or three. A number of four or more indicates periodontal disease and potential bone loss. If the gums do not tighten after the cleaning, there is scheduled for a scaling or root planing appointment. For more severe cases, dentist will referred to a periodontist for additional treatment.
  • The hygienist cleans each tooth using scalers (scraping tools), curets (scoop-shaped instruments) and sometimes additional high-frequency ultrasonic scaler.
  • The hygienist gently polishes the teeth to ensure that the enamel is not disturbed. Toothpaste or a combination of baking soda and water may be used to complete the polishing.
  • Last step : fluoride treatment.
3. The EducationOral Education
Dentist will spend some time talking about the findings, concerns and any problematic issues. You may be advised to consult with a specialist if more complicated or advanced work is required. A treatment plan is discussed at this point in the visit.
  • Professional cleaning is recommended every six months or as often as every two months should you be at risk for periodontal disease, are a smoker or a diabetic.
  • Brush and floss teeth after every meal, three times a day. Improper brushing such as brushing too hard can lead to enamel loss and gum recession. Flossing between teeth is done to remove debris that can cause bacteria to form.
  • The hygienist reviews nutritional habits that support the teeth, gums and bone structure in the mouth. Special attention for people who suffer from bad breath (halitosis), dry mouth, tooth sensitivity and the like.
  • Smokers are informed that they face an increased risk for periodontal disease, which leads to tooth loss. Nail biters can be risking injury to the enamel on their teeth. Teeth grinders are informed that the dentist will speak to them about a mouth guard. Dental hygienists also have special treatment considerations for babies, youths and senior citizens.
4. The Take Home Bag
Take Home Bag is given to patient to promote oral health practice, include :
  • Take Home BagNew toothbrush or interdental brush
  • Floss
  • Rubber tip stimulator
  • Tongue cleaner
By keeping mouth healthy, you thwart many potential dental problems, keep your smile bright, and ultimately avoid heavy financial investments at the dental office.

17 September 2008

Bad Breath (Halitosis)

Bad BreathBad breath is also known as halitosis, is a very common oral health issue. People of most any age may suffer from halitosis :
  • People with poor dental hygiene
  • People who use mouth appliances (dental braces and dentures)
  • Smokers, and alcoholism
  • Certain medical conditions including : Tooth decay, Impacted teeth, Abscessed teeth, Periodontal disease, Diabetes, Sinusitis, Post-nasal drip, Allergies, throat and lung infections (bronchitis), Dry mouth (As result eating high protein diet, non-fibrous diet or medical condition)
  • Certain medications: Certain vitamin supplements, Antihistamines, Calcium blockers, cardiac medications, blood pressure pharmaceuticals and psychiatric drugs (inhibit saliva flow and produce dry mouth)
  • Poor dieters who are dehydrated because of certain foods: Diet soda, Onions, Spices, Garlic, Curry, Cabbage , Coffee, High protein food debris lodged between the teeth
The BacteriaBacteria
Bad breath can be appear because of the interaction between air interaction and bacteria in the mouth, the nose or the stomach. Nasal dysfunction, including a genetic abnormality in the nasal passage, may inhibit proper mucous flow. The bacteria found in sinusitis, post-nasal drip and allergies may pass from the nose to the back of the tongue.

There are some Bacteria causing the Halitosis.These bacteria are found in other types of unpleasant odors, including corpse scent (a combination of oxygen and sulfur compounds and/or nitrogen-containing gases such as cadaverine), decayed meat (putrescine), rotten egg stench (hydrogen sulfide), smelly feet (isovaleric acid), as well as feces aroma (methyl mercaptan and skatole). When bacterial plaque is not removed from the teeth, gums, or in between the teeth, it continues to grow and ultimately may lead to halitosis, tooth decay and gum disease.

How to Omit The Bad Breath?
Breath fresheners or mouthwashes are two of the product that sale in the market. But, Don't you know that using such breath freshening aids may provide halitosis sufferers with short-term relief? This is the Best you can do to prevent the Bad Breath :Good Dental Hygiene
  • Teeth BrushBrush your teeth at least twice daily. Brushing and flossing are particularly important after high protein meals or other meals that trigger foul breath and dehydration.
  • You can use an antiseptic mouthwash. Use it in the morning, before bedtime and after eating. Antiseptic mouthwash ingredients may vary from one product to another, and include chlorhexidine, chlorine dioxide, zinc chloride and eucalyptus oil.
  • MouthwashTongue scrapers can also be useful to prevent bad breath. Scrape the mucous off gently at the back of the tongue.
  • I you have appliances such as dental braces and dentures should follow the specific instructions for cleaning and caring for these appliances. Try to remove the appliance at night before sleep.
Maintaining a Proper Diet
Appropriate food and drink can support proper saliva flow to help limit the possibility of halitosis.
  • VegetablesFibrous foods can help to maintain a healthy mouth.
  • Eating a healthy breakfast every morning initiates saliva flow after a night's sleep when bacteria and odor tend to buildup.
  • Drink a lot of water. Water intake is important to help inhibit bad breath.
  • Drinks that are high in sugar and acid such as sodas and juices do not support a pleasant oral health environment.
Bad Breath Aids Straw
  • Straw. It's very useful in sending sugary or sticky liquids past the teeth and tongue where they can become lodged and house bacteria.
  • Certain toothpastes, toothbrushes, mouth rinses and breath sprays are made to relieve dry mouth.

SLEEP APNEA III : Oral Surgery For Sleep Apnea

Every patient has different shaped nose and throat. That's why before the surgery start, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon will measure the airway at several points and check for any abnormal flow of air from the nose to lungs.

1. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty BeforeUvulopalatopharyngoplasty After
  • UPPP is usually performed on patients who are unable to tolerate the C-PAP.
  • This procedure shortens and stiffens the soft palate by partially removing the uvula and reducing the edge of the soft palate and eliminates tissue from the back portion of the mouth near the top of the throat. The adenoids and tonsils may be removed as well.
  • Your airflow blockage be life-threatening, the ENT may find it necessary to build an opening in the windpipe through a procedure called tracheotomy.
  • An operation on your nose might be necessary to improve a deviated septum or to remove polyps that are blocking your airflow.
2. Hyoid Suspension
  • The hyoid bone is a U-shaped bone in the neck located above the level of the thyroid cartilage (Adam's apple) that has attachments to the muscles of the tongue as well as other muscles and soft tissues around the throat.
  • The procedure secures the hyoid bone to the thyroid cartilage and helps to stabilize this region of the airway.
Hyoid Suspension BeforeHyoid Suspension After3. Genioglossus Advancement (GGA)Genioglossus Advancement BeforeGenioglossus Advancement After
  • GGA treat obstructive sleep apnea.
  • It is designed to open the upper breathing passage, and tightens the front tongue tendon, reducing the degree of tongue displacement into the throat.
  • This operation is often performed in tandem with at least one other procedure such as the UPPP or hyoid suspension.
4. Maxillomandibular Advancement (MMA) Maxillomandibular Advancement BeforeMaxillomandibular Advancement After
  • This procedure moves the upper and lower jaws forward.
  • As the bones are surgically advanced, the soft tissues of the tongue and palate are also moved forward, again opening the upper airway.
  • MMA is the only technique that can create the necessary air passageway to resolve their OSA condition for some individuals.
Sleep apnea is a serious condition. If someone close to you has spoken of your loud snoring and has noticed that you often wake up abruptly, gasping for air, consult your Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon immediately!