09 August 2008

  1. Moisturizers and Oily Cream. A moisturizer increases the water content of the outer layers of the skin and gives it a soft, moist look. Depending on dry skin level, is it be best to use a relatively thin moisturising lotion or cream in the summer and switch to a thicker more oily moisturising ointment in the winter.
  2. Moisturising shower gels and bath additives that don’t strip the skin of its natural oils can be used instead of soap when washing.
  3. If you have very dry and scaly skin, you can use an over-the-counter (nonprescription) cream that contains lactic acid or lactic acid and urea.
  4. Sometimes dry skin leads to dermatitis, which causes red, itchy skin and inflammation. In these cases, treatment may include hydrocortisone-containing lotions or steroid cream.
  5. If your skin cracks open, your doctor may prescribe wet dressings with mildly astringent properties to contract your skin and reduce secretions and prevent infection.

Treatment - Home Care
It may help to change your bathing habits:
  • Keep baths or showers short and take baths or showers less often.
  • Use warm (not hot) water.
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
  • Use as little soap as possible. Avoid coming in contact with highly alkaline soaps, detergents like washing sodas and powders which contain highly alkaline and drying ingredients like alcohol.Try mild cleansers like Aveeno or Cetaphil or mild soaps like Neutrogena or Dove.
  • Follow a bath or a shower with a mild application of baby oil. Massage your face with home-made nourishing cream every night before retiring.
  • Dry your skin thoroughly but gently -- pat, DON'T rub.
  • Use mineral water to freshen your face. Don't use a washcloth-a rough texture can irritate.
  • Use a humidifier (or even a pan of water placed near a radiator) to humidify your environment, especially in winter. This helps to reduce the amount of moisture lost from the skin through evaporation.
  • Dry skin needs plenty of thorough but gentle cleansing, regular stimulation with massage and generous quantities of oil and moisture. Washing dry skin with soap and water not only removes grime but also the natural oils protecting the skin.
  • Apply cool compresses to itchy areas, and try over-the-counter cortisone creams or lotions if your skin is inflamed. If this is not enough, talk to your doctor about possible prescription lotions.


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