18 July 2008

Bed RestIf you catch a cold :
  • Get plenty of Rest.
  • Drink plenty of liquids and nutrition (avoid using alcohol and tobacco), eat healthy food and lots of fruits.
  • There are over-the-counter (OTC) cold medicine to reat the spesific symptoms.
Symptom Relief
  • Over-the-counter medications can provide temporary relief of symptoms and should be used as soon as you feel a cold coming on.
  • Acetaminophen is less likely to upset your stomach than other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen which are used to relieve aches and pains. However, studies have shown that acetaminophen, aspirin or any other NSAID may worsen asthma and/or peptic ulcers. Aspirin should not be used in children under eighteen years old because it may play a role in causing Reye Syndrome, a rare but severe liver and central nervous system condition. Be sure to discuss all medication choices with your doctor.
  • Congestion, cough and nasal discharge may be treated with a decongestant, antihistamine or a combination of the two.
  • There are no antiviral medications available for treating the common cold. Antibiotics are not useful for treating a cold, and should only be taken to treat bacterial complications that arise from it.
Other Remedies
  • Herbs and minerals such as echinacea, eucalyptus, garlic, honey, lemon, menthol, zinc, and vitamin C (up to 500 mg) have gotten a lot of publicity as cold remedies.
  • Adequate liquid intake is recommended. Eight glasses of water and/or juice per day are recommended. This will help keep the lining of the nose and throat from drying out, so that mucus remains moist and easy to clear from the nose.
    Avoid coffee, tea or cola drinks that contain caffeine andavoid any drinks that contain alcohol. Caffeine and alcohol lead to dehydration.
  • Don’t smoke! And Stay away from other smokers; The smoke will further irritate your throat and make the cough even more.
  • Be a good citizen. Use tissues and wash your hands frequently to reduce the spread of your cold germs to the others =)

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